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What is Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder?

The Short Version

The National Institute of Health defines ADHD as an ongoing pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with functioning or development.

Types of ADHD

The three types of ADHD are often defined based on the symptoms. These symptoms can impact life, work, and relationships. This disorder is complex in that there are many ways it can present and impact the life of the individual with the symptoms.

 
  • ADHD – Combined. ADHD-Combined has symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity for a period of at least six months..
  • ADHD – Inattentive. ADHD-Inattentive has symptoms such as often fails to give close attention to details or makes careless mistakes, often has difficulty sustaining attention in tasks, and often does not seem to listen when spoken to directly.
  • ADHD – Hyperactivity-Impulsivity. ADHD-Hyperactivity-Impulsivity has symptoms, such as often fidgets with hands, squirms in seat, often “on the go” or often acts as if driven by a motor, and often blurts out answers before questions have been completed.

This is a brief summary of symptoms that may appear. Please do not self-diagnose. A trained professional can use a variety of tools, resources, and information to diagnose.

How Counseling Can Help

Some of the ways counseling can help:

  • Share. Clients can share their past experiences in which ADHD impacted them. These experiences may have impacted self-esteem and self-efficacy.  
  • Build Skills. Executive dysfunction often accompanies ADHD creating challenges to starting tasks, staying focused, and following directions. Skills can include doing things differently, such as breaking down tasks into smaller parts.
  • Emotional Regulation. An often lesser talked about aspect of ADHD has to do with emotional regulation. Strategies, such as increasing self-awareness around emotions and coping strategies,  can be goals in counseling.

My Being Counseling recognizes and celebrates the differences, strengths, and ways of thinking of every individual. Clients are empowered to create goals based on their needs and desires with the counselor being the co-creator and collaborator.